A set of formulas developed for a computer to perform a certain function.
A mobile application, most commonly referred to as an app, is a type of application software designed to run on a mobile device, such as a smartphone or tablet computer. Mobile applications frequently serve to provide users with similar services to those accessed on PCs. Apps are generally small, individual software units with limited function.
An avatar is an image that represents a person online, most often within forums and social networks.
The total download rate of your internet service – i.e. the fastest that you’ll be able to download information (data) to your computer or internet-connected device. 
A bio on social media refers to a short bit of explainer text that explains who the user is.
Blog is a word that was created from two words: “web log.” Blogs are usually maintained by an individual or a business with regular entries of content on a specific topic, descriptions of events, or other resources such as graphics or video. “Blog” can also be used as a verb, meaning to maintain or add content to a blog.
Create a bookmark, or bookmarking online follows the same idea of placing a bookmark in a physical publication- you’re simply marking a website you found important, enjoyed, or want to continue reading later.
A computer program with a graphical user interface for displaying and navigating between web page.
A test to prevent spamming software from accessing a website by requiring visitors to the site to solve a simple puzzle (typically by reading and transcribing a series of numbers or letters from a distorted image) in order to gain access to the site.
A comment is a response that is often provided as an answer or reaction to a blog post or message on a social network. 
A small text file sent to your computer by a web site you have visited. These can be very useful in that they can allow the web site to recognize who you are when you return. Cookies cannot store viruses or other threats, although they can be used to track your activity across different web sites in order to provide, for example, “targeted” advertisements.
Digital Divide
The economic, educational, and social inequalities between those who have computers and online access and those who do not.
Digital Equity
A condition in which all individuals and communities have the information technology capacity needed for full participation in our society, democracy, and economy. Digital equity is necessary for civic and cultural participation, employment, lifelong learning, and access to essential services.
Digital Literacy
The ability to find, create, and share information using a desktop, laptop, tablet, or smartphone.
Direct Message/DM
To send someone a private message on social media, especially Twitter.
Downloading is the process of getting web pages, images and files from a web server.
An ebook is an electronic version of a book.
Emojis are small cartoonish images that can be sent along with text in social media and private messages. 
External Link
An external link is often described as any link that goes to a different domain.
 FaceTime is an application used to make video calls to other people using a Mac computer, iPhoneiPad, or iPod. Originally, FaceTime could only be used with Apple products (not Windows or Android devices), but has since been updated to allow users from other platforms to join via web links.
A file is an object on a computer that stores data, information, settings, or commands used with a computer program.
Flash Drive
This is a small portable hard drive that plugs into a USB port and allows you to transport files between different computers. Also called a thumb drive.
In a social media setting, a follower refers to a person who subscribes to your account in order to receive your updates. 
Friends is the term used on Facebook to represent the connections you make and the people you follow. These are individuals you consider to be friendly enough with you to see your Facebook profile and engage with you.
GIF is an acronym for Graphics Interchange Format. In social media, GIFs serve as small-scale animations and film clips.
Google Chrome
Google Chrome is a free web browser produced by Google that fully integrates with its online search system as well as its other applications.
Google Docs
Google Docs is an online word processor included as part of the free, web-based Google Docs Editors suite offered by Google,
Google Drive
Google Drive is a cloud-based file storage service from Google. It also offers a free software suite that includes a word processor, and many others for spreadsheets, presentations, drawing, and several others.
Google Forms
Google Forms is a survey administration software included as part of the free, web-based Google Docs Editors suite offered by Google. 
Google Sheets
Google Sheets is a spreadsheet program included as part of the free, web-based Google Docs Editors suite offered by Google.
Google Slides
Google Slides is a presentation program included as part of the free, web-based Google Docs Editors suite offered by Google. 
HyperText Markup Language (HTML) is a programming language for web pages.
Handle is the term used to describe someone’s @username on Twitter. For example, LiteracyCNY’s Twitter handle is @LiteracyCNY. 
A hashtag is a tag used on a variety of social networks as a way to annotate a message. A hashtag is a word or phrase preceded by a “#” (ex: #DigitalLiteracy). Social networks use hashtags to categorize information and make it easily searchable for users. 
iOS is a mobile operating system for Apple-manufactured devices. iOS runs on the iPhone, iPad, iPod Touch and Apple TV.
Refers to the standard action of selecting a link, button, etc. with the left button of a standard computer mouse.
A Like is an action that can be made by a Facebook or Instagram user. Instead of writing a comment or sharing a post, a user can click the Like button as a quick way to show approval.
Live Stream
Live streaming is the act of delivering content over the internet in real-time. 
A software that is specifically designed to disrupt, damage, or gain unauthorized access to a computer system.
Mbps (Megabites per second) refers to how fast a file is downloaded to your device, and how fast one can be uploaded to the internet.
A meme on the internet is used to describe a thought, idea, joke, or concept that’s widely shared online. It is typically an image with text above and below it, but can also come in video and link form.
Similar to a television screen, the monitor allows you to see the data on your computer.
A news feed is literally a feed full of news. On Facebook, the News Feed is the homepage of users’ accounts where they can see all the latest updates from their friends. The news feed on Twitter is called Timeline.
Operating System (OS) refers to the powerful program that controls and coordinates a computer’s hardware devices and runs software and applications. Examples include Windows, Android, and Linux.
In computer hardware, a port is the jack or receptacle for a device to plug into. These are standardized for each purpose. Some common ports are USB ports, USB-C ports, and Ethernet ports.
Profile Picture
A profile pic is a photo that appears in your online accounts, regardless of whether it’s a social media or professional site. Each social media site has its own unique way of displaying profile pictures.
To switch a computer off and on again, allowing its operating system and programs to be reloaded. 
Refers to clicking and displaying the additional or special options that apply to your selection with the right button of a standard computer mouse. Right-click often makes a menu appear with choices that apply to a current selection or program.
SIM Card
Short for Subscriber Identity Module, a SIM card is an integrated circuit used in cell phones, and other mobile devices, to store subscriber information.
Search Engine
A search engine is software accessed on the Internet that searches a database of information according to the user’s query. The engine provides a list of results that best match what the user is trying to find. Examples include Yahoo, Google, and Bing.
Social Media
Websites and applications that enable users to create and share content or to participate in social networking. Examples include Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter.
These are the programs (applications) that allow the computer to operate or do certain tasks.
In computer software (e.g., Internet browser), a tab is a clickable area at the top of a window that shows another page or area. When a tab is clicked, the tab’s contents are shown, and any other open tab is hidden.
Tagging is a social media functionality commonly used on Facebook and Instagram that allows users to create a link back to the profile of the person shown in the picture or targeted by the update. 
Thumb Drive
This is a small portable hard drive that plugs into a USB port and allows you to transport files between different computers. Also called a flash drive.
A Uniform Resource Locator (URL) is a web address of a specific web page or file on the Internet. An example is https://www.literacy.org.
Uploading is the process of putting web pages, images and files onto a web server or device.
Viral is a term used to describe an instance in which a piece of content — YouTube video, blog article, photo, etc. — achieves noteworthy awareness. Viral distribution relies heavily on word of mouth and the frequent sharing of one particular piece of content all over the internet.
Web Browser
A computer program with a graphical user interface for displaying and navigating between web page.
A wireless technology used to connect computer, tablets, smartphones, and other devices to the internet.
Word Processor
A word processor is a software program capable of creating, storing, and printing typed documents.